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“The Department of State has issued a Level 3 Travel Advisory for Nigeria”. Reconsider Travel: Nigeria Travel Advisory

Last updated:   07/02/2021

*** Effective January 26, all airline passengers to the United States ages two years and older must provide a negative COVID-19 viral test taken within three calendar days of travel.  Alternatively, travelers to the United States may provide documentation from a licensed health care provider of having recovered from COVID-19 in the 90 days preceding travel.  Check the CDC website for additional information and Frequently Asked Questions.

Country-Specific Information

  • Nigeria is experiencing a reduction in COVID-19 cases.
  • Basic services (i.e., grocery stores, gas stations, transportation etc.) are available in Nigeria, and schools have resumed.
  • Gatherings of more than 50 people are prohibited.
  • Religious events are limited to 50% of the capacity of the facility. Social distancing and mask wearing are required.
  • Effective May 4, the Presidential Steering Committee on COVID-19 instituted additional protocols for passengers originating from Brazil, India, and Turkey.  Those travelers without Nigerian citizenship or residency will be denied entry.  Details are contained in PDF form here:  https://covid19.ncdc.gov.ng/advisory/

COVID-19 Testing

    • Are PCR and/or antigen tests available for U.S. citizens in Nigeria? Yes
    • If so, are test results reliably available within 72 hours? Yes
    • Rapid antigen testing is not widely used in Nigeria, and it is not recognized by the Nigerian government for travel purposes.  Travelers who arrive with a rapid antigen test may be required to quarantine at a Nigerian government facility.  Free COVID testing for those with symptoms is available from the Nigerian CDC, but results may not be available quickly.  Individuals who require a test for travel must use an approved private test lab, with costs ranging from $75 to $125 per test.  Results are generally available electronically in less than 3 days.
    • A list of approved labs (for testing prior to travel) is available on-line at:  https://covid19.ncdc.gov.ng/privatelabs.  Do not use unapproved labs, as they will be rejected by screeners at the airport.
    • Additional testing sites (to test out of quarantine) can be found on Nigeria’s International Travel Portal Covid-19 Test Center Information Page. Please note this list is for reference only and does not constitute an endorsement of any medical practitioner or facility. The U.S. Government does not assume responsibility for the professional ability or appropriateness of any physician, medical practitioner, clinic, hospital, and/or health facility on the list.
    • For information on limited humanitarian exemptions to CDC’s requirement that all U.S. bound travelers present a negative COVID test, please review the following page:  https://travel.state.gov/content/travel/en/traveladvisories/ea/covid-testing-required-us-entry.html
    • Humanitarian exemptions to this order will be granted on an extremely limited basis and will only be considered when the country of departure lacks adequate COVID-19 testing capacity. To submit information in support of an exemption, email NigeriaTestingWaiver@state.gov.
    • Delivery of test results depends on the lab. Some labs may require individuals to pick up a physical copy of the results in person.  Many labs email results.  Certain labs send a link via e-mail and/or WhatsApp that allows individuals to print physical copies of their test results.

COVID-19 Vaccine Information:

  • Has the government of Nigeria approved a COVID-19 vaccine for use?  Yes
  • Are vaccines available in Nigeria for U.S. citizens to receive? No
    • While vaccines are now available in Nigeria, vaccines are only available for Nigerian citizens and legal residents who meet the above criteria.  U.S. citizen tourists are not eligible.  Additional information is available at:  https://nphcda.gov.ng
  • Which vaccines are available in Nigeria? AstraZeneca with plans for Johnson and Johnson procurement.
  • Nigeria has an eligibility list which does not prioritize non-Nigerians or tourists. Travelers who desire a COVID-19 vaccine should be vaccinated prior to arrival.
  • Qualified individuals can both register and find additional vaccination information at:  https://nphcda.gov.ng
  • Visit the FDA’s website to learn more about FDA-approved vaccines in the United States.
  • The U.S. government does not plan to provide COVID-19 vaccinations to private U.S. citizens overseas.  Please follow host country developments and guidelines for COVID-19 vaccination.

Entry and Exit Requirements

  • Are U.S. citizens permitted to enter? Yes
  • According to the NCDC website, all citizens are allowed entry into Nigeria, but must follow the travel protocols at:  https://covid19.ncdc.gov.ng/guideline
  • Special protocols for travelers from UK and SA are also available in PDF form at:  https://covid19.ncdc.gov.ng/guideline
  • Is a negative COVID-19 test (PCR and/or serology) required for entry? Yes
      • The Government of Nigeria requires a negative COVID-19 PCR test within 3 days (72 hours) before departure.  The PCR tests must be administered within this time frame (not results received). Passengers must upload the test results to the Nigeria International Travel Portal (nitp.ncdc.gov.ng) and present documentary evidence of the negative test result prior to boarding (see Inbound Passenger Testing Protocols). Passengers not meeting this requirement may be denied boarding and/or entry. Passengers arriving without a valid PCR test may face prolonged placement at a government isolation center.
      • Children under the age of 10 are exempt from providing negative PCR test results.
      • The Presidential Task Force on COVID-19 has released a revised quarantine protocol. U.S. Citizens should read this document carefully to ensure they are abiding by all guidelines and also review Nigeria’s International Travel Portal FAQs..
  • The Nigerian government does not require a negative COVID-19 test to exit Nigeria.  However, the Abuja International Airport has recently required passengers to present a negative COVID PCR test result during check-in for travel.
  • Many airlines and countries have their own COVID-19 test requirements.  Please check the requirements of both your airline and destination country before departing Nigeria.  If returning to the United States, check with the State you are traveling to, as each State has its own requirements.
  • As rules from airlines and countries change frequently, consider receiving a PCR test within 72 hours of departure from Nigeria.  This may help avoid being denied entry to the airport.  Some airports, such as Frankfurt, require a negative PCR test within 48 hours of travel.  Please check country specific information for transit points.
  • Additional Protocols for passengers originating from the UK, South Africa, Brazil, India, and Turkey (updated May 4).
    • On arrival, passengers from these countries will be received and processed separately by public health authorities.
    • In addition to the mandatory seven-day self-isolation period (see below), a dedicated register of arriving passengers from the UK and South Africa will be opened for enhanced surveillance and active enforcement of the protocols.
    • Passengers arriving from Brazil, India and Turkey will be required to observe mandatory seven-day self-isolation in a government designated center at cost to the passenger.

Inbound Passenger Testing Protocols

  1. Step 1: Complete the health declaration and contact form via Nigeria’s online International Travel Portal (https://nitp.ncdc.gov.ng).
  2. Step 2: Upload negative PCR test results (administered within 3 days [72 hours] of departure) to the online portal, and present documentary evidence at check-in. For certain countries, the test must be from specified labs.
  3. Step 3: Register and pay via the online portal for a PCR retest in Nigeria to occur seven days after arrival. A QR code will be sent to the email address the passenger provided. NOTE: If the QR code confirming payment of the PCR retest online is not received, the International Travel Portal’s FAQs states, “As a temporary measure, any passenger that is unable to complete payment online will be allowed to board the flight if they have a valid COVID-19 negative PCR result. The passenger will be required to pay for the repeat COVID-19 PCR test on arrival in Nigeria. Please note that passengers without a QR code may face longer delays on arrival in Nigeria before exiting the airport.”

Passengers arriving in Nigeria must self-isolate for seven days and then retest. They must continue self-isolating until test results are received, usually between 24-48 hours after testing. Isolating in the city of port entry (Abuja or Lagos) is recommended but not required.  If retest results are positive, passengers will be managed based on National Guidelines for COVID-19 treatment.  Reports from U.S. citizens who have tested positive have shown that the guidelines may be implemented differently depending on location.

Travelers reporting or developing symptoms of COVID-19 on arrival, or during screening will not be allowed to self-quarantine and will be placed in institutional quarantine.

We urge U.S. citizens to review the above guidelines carefully to ensure full compliance.

Outbound Passenger Testing Protocols

All passengers departing Abuja International airport are currently being asked to provide negative COVID tests taken within 3 days (72 hours) prior to boarding.  Abuja International Airport asks to see these tests during check-in, regardless of airline or destination-country requirements, although this is not a written Nigerian government policy.   This does not seem to be the case at the Lagos International Airport.

  • Are health screening procedures in place at airports and other ports of entry? Yes
  • Embassy Abuja and U.S. Consulate Lagos are unaware of visa extensions for residents and/or tourists. Residents or tourists with visa extension inquiries due to COVID should contact the Nigeria Immigration Service (NIS)

Movement Restrictions

  • Is a curfew in place? Yes
  • The Government of Nigeria continues to have a 12:00 a.m. to 4:00 a.m. daily curfew in place.  We urge U.S. citizens to check as individual states may have more restrictive curfews.
  • Are there restrictions on intercity or interstate travel? No

Quarantine Information 

  • Are U.S. citizens required to quarantine? Yes

Passengers arriving in Nigeria must self-isolate for seven days and then retest. They must continue self-isolating until test results are received, usually between 24-48 hours. Isolating in the city of port entry (Abuja or Lagos) is recommended but not required.

Transportation Options

  • Are commercial flights operating? Yes
  • Is public transportation operating? Yes

Passengers must wear face masks when taking public transportation and public transportation is limited to 50% capacity.

Fines for Non-Compliance (if applicable)

U.S. Embassy Abuja and U.S. Consulate Lagos are not aware of any fines for non-compliance. However, there are reports of individuals being harassed for non-compliance..

Consular Operations

  • The American Citizens Services (ACS) Units in Abuja and Lagos are processing all routine ACS services as possible in accordance with COVID-19 prevention measures.  Visit our website for updates.
  • Abuja and Lagos are accepting limited number of non-immigrant and immigrant visas in accordance with COVID-19 prevention measures. Visit our website for updates.

Local Resources:

Nigeria Center for Disease Control (NCDC)

  • Toll-Free Number:  6232
  • SMS (Text Message):  08099555577
  • Website:  https://ncdc.gov.ng/
  • COVID-19 Microsite:  https://covid19.ncdc.gov.ng
  • E-mail:  info@ncdc.gov.ng
  • WhatsApp: 07087110839 (if outside of Nigeria – +234-708-711-0839)

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