COVID-19 Information

“The Department of State has issued a Level 3 Travel Advisory for Nigeria”. Reconsider Travel: Nigeria Travel Advisory

Last updated: 11/5/2021

*** Effective November 8, all non-citizen, nonimmigrant (not a U.S. citizen, U.S. national, lawful permanent resident, or traveling to the United States on an immigrant visa) airline passengers traveling to the United States, must demonstrate proof of vaccination as defined by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Director Order prior to boarding a U.S. bound aircraft.  Fully vaccinated travelers will continue to be required to show a pre-departure negative test taken within three (3) days of travel to the United States prior to boarding.  This applies to all travelers – U.S. citizens, lawful permanent residents (LPRs), and foreign nationals.  Unvaccinated travelers – whether U.S. citizens, LPRs, or the small number of excepted unvaccinated foreign nationals – will now need to test within one (1) day of departure.  Additional information may be found on CDC’s website..

*** Beginning October 25, the Nigerian government no longer requires self-isolation for fully-vaccinated persons arriving in Nigeria.  However, a negative COVID-19 PCR test result not more than 72 hours prior to boarding and an additional COVID-19 PCR test on Day Two after arrival are required.  Please see the Press Statement on the Release of Revised International Travel Protocols into Nigeria for full details and note that different rules apply for unvaccinated and partially vaccinated travelers, as well as business travelers staying less than 7 days.  NOTE:  Unvaccinated and partially vaccinated in-bound passengers will be required to observe a mandatory 7-day self-isolation in addition to a COVID-19 PCR test on days 2 and 7 after arrival.

*** Effective October 14, 2021, the Nigerian Presidential Steering Committee on COVID-19 removed Brazil, Turkey, and South Africa from the list of travel-restricted countries.  India was removed from the list of travel-restricted countries effective September 13, 2021.

Country-Specific Information

  • Nigeria still is identifying COVID-19 cases, and, due to an increasing number of cases in several countries, surveillance is being intensified and travel protocols are strictly enforced.
  • Basic services (i.e., grocery stores, gas stations, transportation etc.) are available in Nigeria, and schools have resumed.
  • Gatherings of more than 50 people are prohibited.
  • Religious events are limited to 50% of the capacity of the facility.  Social distancing, temperature checks, and mask wearing are required.

COVID-19 Testing

    • Are PCR and/or antigen tests available for U.S. citizens in Nigeria? Yes
    • If so, are test results reliably available within 72 hours? Yes
    • Rapid antigen testing is not recognized by the Nigerian government for travel purposes.  Travelers who arrive with a rapid antigen test may be required to quarantine at a Nigerian government facility. Free COVID-19 testing for those with symptoms is available from the NCDC, but results may not be available quickly.  Individuals who require a test for travel must use an approved private test lab, with costs ranging from $75 to $125 per test.  Results are generally available electronically in less than 3 days.
    • A list of approvedlabs (for testing prior to travel) is available on-line at:  https://covid19.ncdc.gov.ng/privatelabs.  Do not use unapproved labs, as they will be rejected by screeners at the airport.
    • Additional testing sites (to test out of quarantine) can be found on Nigeria’s International Travel Portal COVID-19 Test Center Information Page. Please note this list is for reference only and does not constitute an endorsement of any medical practitioner or facility.  The U.S. Government does not assume responsibility for the professional ability or appropriateness of any physician, medical practitioner, clinic, hospital, and/or health facility on the list.
    • For information on limited humanitarian exemptions to CDC’s requirement that all U.S. bound travelers present a negative COVID-19 test, please review the following page:  https://travel.state.gov/content/travel/en/traveladvisories/ea/covid-testing-required-us-entry.html
    • Humanitarian exemptions to this order will be granted on an extremely limited basis and will only be considered when the country of departure lacks adequate COVID-19 testing capacity. To submit information in support of an exemption, email NigeriaTestingWaiver@state.gov.
    • Delivery of test results depends on the lab. Some labs may require individuals to pick up a physical copy of the results in person.  Many labs email results.  Certain labs send a link via e-mail and/or WhatsApp that allows individuals to print physical copies of their test results.  Airport screeners will accept both electronic and paper results. However, have printed hard copies if you are able to do this.

COVID-19 Vaccine Information:

  • Has the government of Nigeria approved a COVID-19 vaccine for use?  Yes
  • Are vaccines available in Nigeria for U.S. citizens to receive? Yes
  • Which vaccines are available in Nigeria? AstraZeneca, Moderna, Pfizer, and Johnson and Johnson COVID-19 vaccines.
  • Nigeria has an eligibility list which does not prioritize non-Nigerians or tourists. Travelers who desire a COVID-19 vaccine should be vaccinated prior to arrival.
  • Qualified individuals can both register and find additional vaccination information at:  https://nphcda.gov.ng
  • Visit the FDA’s website to learn more about FDA-approved vaccines in the United States.
  • The U.S. government does not plan to provide COVID-19 vaccinations to private U.S. citizens overseas.  Please follow host country developments and guidelines for COVID-19 vaccination.

Entry and Exit Requirements

  • Are U.S. citizens permitted to enter? Yes
  • According to the NCDC website, all citizens are allowed entry into Nigeria, but must follow the travel protocols at:  https://covid19.ncdc.gov.ng/guideline
  • Is a negative COVID-19 test (PCR and/or serology) required for entry? Yes
    • The Government of Nigeria requires a negative COVID-19 PCR test within 3 days (72 hours) before departure.  The PCR tests must be administered within this time frame (not results received). Passengers must upload the test results to the Nigeria International Travel Portal (nitp.ncdc.gov.ng) and present documentary evidence of the negative test result prior to boarding (see Inbound Passenger Testing Protocols).  Passengers not meeting this requirement may be denied boarding and/or entry.  Passengers arriving without a valid PCR test may face prolonged placement at a government isolation center.
    • Children under the age of 10 are exempt from providing negative PCR test results.
    • The Presidential Task Force on COVID-19 has released a revised quarantine protocol. S. Citizens should read this document carefully to ensure they are abiding by all guidelines and also review Nigeria’s International Travel Portal FAQs.
  • The Nigerian government does not require a negative COVID-19 test to exit Nigeria.  However, the Abuja International Airport has recently required passengers to present a negative COVID-19 PCR test result during check-in for travel.
  • Many airlines and countries have their own COVID-19 test requirements.  Please check the requirements of both your airline and destination country before departing Nigeria.  If returning to the United States, check with the State you are traveling to, as each State has its own requirements.
  • As rules from airlines and countries change frequently, consider receiving a PCR test within 72 hours of departure from Nigeria.  This may help avoid being denied entry to the airport.  Some airports, such as Frankfurt, require a negative PCR test within 48 hours of travel.  Please check country specific information for transit points.

Inbound Passenger Testing Protocols

  1. Step 1:  Complete the health declaration and contact form via Nigeria’s online International Travel Portal (https://nitp.ncdc.gov.ng).
  2. Step 2:  Upload negative PCR test results (administered within 3 days [72 hours] of departure) to the online portal, and present documentary evidence at check-in.  For certain countries, the test must be from specified labs.
  3. Step 3:  Register and pay via the online portal for a PCR retest in Nigeria to occur two days after arrival.  A QR code will be sent to the email address the passenger provided. NOTE:  If the QR code confirming payment of the PCR retest online is not received, the International Travel Portal’s FAQs states, “As a temporary measure, any passenger that is unable to complete payment online will be allowed to board the flight if they have a valid COVID-19 negative PCR result. The passenger will be required to pay for the repeat COVID-19 PCR test on arrival in Nigeria. Please note that passengers without a QR code may face longer delays on arrival in Nigeria before exiting the airport.”

Beginning October 25, the Nigerian government no longer requires self-isolation for fully-vaccinated persons arriving in Nigeria.  However, a negative COVID-19 PCR test result not more than 72 hours prior to boarding and an additional COVID-19 PCR test on Day 2 after arrival are required.

Separately, the Nigerian Presidential Steering Committee on COVID-19 removed Brazil, Turkey, and South Africa from the list of travel-restricted countries effective October 14, 2021 and India effective September 13, 2021.

Outbound Passenger Testing Protocols

  • Are health screening procedures in place at airports and other ports of entry? Yes
  • Each airline is responsible for enforcing the regulations of the destination country.  Outbound passengers should ensure that they are prepared per the destination country’s COVID-19 protocols.
  • Embassy Abuja and U.S. Consulate Lagos are unaware of visa extensions for residents and/or tourists.  Residents or tourists with visa extension inquiries due to COVID-19 should contact the Nigeria Immigration Service (NIS)

Movement Restrictions

  • Is a curfew in place? Yes
  • The Government of Nigeria continues to have a 12:00 a.m. to 4:00 a.m. daily curfew in place.  We urge U.S. citizens to check as individual states may have more restrictive curfews.
  • Are there restrictions on intercity or interstate travel? No

Quarantine Information 

  • Beginning October 25, the Nigerian government no longer requires self-isolation for fully-vaccinated persons arriving in Nigeria.  However, a negative COVID-19 PCR test result not more than 72 hours prior to boarding and an additional COVID-19 PCR test on Day Two after arrival are required.  Please see the Press Statement on the Release of Revised International Travel Protocols into Nigeria for full details and note that different rules apply for unvaccinated and partially vaccinated travelers, as well as business travelers staying less than 7 days. NOTE:  Unvaccinated and partially vaccinated in-bound passengers will be required to observe a mandatory 7-day self-isolation in addition to a COVID-19 PCR test on days 2 and 7 after arrival.

  • The above quarantine rules also apply to passengers from previously travel-restricted countries.  Effective October 14, 2021, the Nigerian Presidential Steering Committee on COVID-19 removed Brazil, Turkey, and South Africa from the list of travel-restricted countries.  India was removed from the list of travel-restricted countries effective September 13, 2021.

Transportation Options

  • Are commercial flights operating? Yes
  • Is public transportation operating? Yes

Passengers must wear face masks when taking public transportation and public transportation is limited to 50% capacity.

Fines for Non-Compliance (if applicable)

U.S. Embassy Abuja and U.S. Consulate Lagos are not aware of any fines for non-compliance. However, there are reports of individuals being harassed for non-compliance.

Consular Operations

  • The American Citizens Services (ACS) Units in Abuja and Lagos are processing all routine ACS services as possible in accordance with COVID-19 prevention measures.  Visit our website for updates.
  • Abuja and Lagos are accepting limited number of non-immigrant and immigrant visas in accordance with COVID-19 prevention measures.  Visit our website for updates.

Local Resources:

Nigeria Center for Disease Control (NCDC)

  • Toll-Free Number:  6232
  • SMS (Text Message):  08099555577
  • Website:  https://ncdc.gov.ng/
  • COVID-19 Microsite:  https://covid19.ncdc.gov.ng
  • E-mail:  info@ncdc.gov.ng
  • WhatsApp: 07087110839 (if outside of Nigeria – +234-708-711-0839)

Other links: