COVID-19 Information

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“The Department of State has issued a Level 3 Travel Advisory for Nigeria”. Reconsider Travel: Nigeria Travel Advisory

Country-Specific Information:

  • Nigeria is experiencing a second peak of COVID-19 cases with epicenters in Lagos, Kaduna, and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT).
  • Most basic services (i.e. grocery stores, gas stations, transportation etc.) remain available in Nigeria.  On December 21, the Presidential Task Force on COVID-19 (PTF) recommended the closure of bars, clubs, event and recreational venues, and restaurants across the country for five weeks. Schools will remain closed until at least January 18, 2021.
  • Gatherings of more than 50 people are prohibited.
  • Religious events are limited to 50% of the capacity of the facility. Social distancing and mask wearing are required.
  • Effective December 28, the PTF has instituted additional protocols for passengers originating from the United Kingdom (UK) and South Africa.

Entry and Exit Requirements:

  • Are U.S. citizens permitted to enter? Yes
    • The U.S. Embassy is not aware of any restrictions on U.S. citizens at this time.
  • Is a negative COVID-19 test (PCR and/or serology) required for entry? Yes.
    • The Government of Nigeria requires a negative COVID-19 PCR test within 4 days (96 hours) before departure.  The PCR tests must be administered within this time frame (not results received). Passengers must upload the test results to the Nigeria International Travel Portal (nitp.ncdc.gov.ng) and present documentary evidence of the negative test result prior to boarding (see Inbound Passenger Testing Protocols). Passengers not meeting this requirement may be denied boarding and/or entry. Passengers arriving without a valid PCR test may face prolonged placement at a government isolation center.
    • Children under the age of 10 are exempt from providing negative PCR test results.
    • The Presidential Task Force on COVID-19 has released a revised quarantine protocol. U.S. Citizens should read this document carefully to ensure they are abiding by all guidelines and also review Nigeria’s International Travel Portal FAQs.
    • Does Nigeria have any exit requirements?  Check with your airline and country of destination.
      • The Nigerian government does not require a negative COVID-19 test to exit Nigeria.  However, many airlines and countries have their own COVID-19 requirements.  Please check the requirements of both your airline and destination country before departing Nigeria.  If returning to the United States, check with the state you are traveling to, as each state has its own requirements.
    • Additional Protocols for passengers originating from the UK and South Africa (effective December 28).
      • On arrival, passengers from the UK and South Africa will be received and processed separately by public health authorities.
      • In addition to the mandatory seven-day self-isolation period (see below), a dedicated register of arriving passengers from the UK and South Africa will be opened for enhanced surveillance and active enforcement of the protocols.

Inbound passenger Testing Protocols:

  1. Step 1: Complete the health declaration and contact form via Nigeria’s online International Travel Portal (nitp.ncdc.gov.ng).
  2. Step 2: Upload negative PCR test results (administered within 4 days (96 hours) of departure) to the online portal, and present documentary evidence at check-in. For certain countries, the test must be from specified labs.
  3. Step 3: Register and pay via the online portal for a PCR retest in Nigeria to occur seven days after arrival. A QR code will be sent to the email address the passenger provided. NOTE: If the QR code confirming payment of the PCR retest online is not received, the International Travel Portal’s FAQs states, “As a temporary measure, any passenger that is unable to complete payment online will be allowed to board the flight if they have a valid COVID-19 negative PCR result. The passenger will be required to pay for the repeat COVID-19 PCR test on arrival in Nigeria. Please note that passengers without a QR code may face longer delays on arrival in Nigeria before exiting the airport.”

Passengers arriving in Nigeria must self-isolate for seven days and then retest. They must continue self-isolating until test results are received, usually between 24-48 hours after testing. Isolating in the city of port entry (Abuja or Lagos) is recommended but not required.  If retest results are positive, passengers will be managed based on National Guidelines for COVID-19 treatment.  Reports from U.S. citizens who have tested positive have shown that the guidelines may be implemented differently depending on location.

Travelers reporting or developing symptoms of COVID-19 on arrival, or during screening will not be allowed to self-quarantine and will be placed in institutional quarantine.

We urge U.S. citizens to review the above guidelines carefully to ensure full compliance.

  • Are health screening procedures in place at airports and other ports of entry? Yes

Movement Restrictions:

  • Is a curfew in place? Yes
    • The Government of Nigeria continues to have a 12:00am to 4:00am daily curfew in place.
  • Are there restrictions on intercity or interstate travel? No

Quarantine Information:

  • Are U.S. citizens required to quarantine? Yes
      • Passengers arriving in Nigeria must self-isolate for seven days and then retest. They must continue self-isolating until test results are received, usually between 24-48 hours. Isolating in the city of port entry (Abuja or Lagos) is recommended but not required.

COVID 19 Testing:

The Nigerian Center for Disease Control (NCDC) advises if you are showing symptoms of COVID-19 while in Nigeria, you must self-isolate and call the state helpline or the NCDC at 0800 9700 0010 for further guidance and information on testing.

Travelers who feel ill with fever, cough, or difficulty breathing should:

  • Observe self-isolation immediately by staying indoors and avoiding contact with people
  • Call the state helpline to arrange testing.
  • Avoid self-medication

Fees:  Testing with NCDC is free; results may be received in five to seven days.  Government hospitals generally do not charge for COVID-19 testing.  Fees differ for private labs/hospitals and can be as high as N71,000 ($184 USD).  Results from private labs may be rendered within 24-72 hours, sometimes longer.

Transportation Options:

  • Are commercial flights operating? Yes
  • Is public transportation operating? Yes
    • Passengers must wear face masks when taking public transportation and public transportation is limited to 50% capacity.

Fines for Non-Compliance: (if applicable)

  • U.S. Embassy Abuja is not aware of any fines for non-compliance. However, there are reports of individuals being harassed for non-compliance.

Consular Operations:

  • The American Citizens Services (ACS) Units in Abuja and Lagos are processing routine ACS services as possible in accordance with COVID-19 prevention measures.  Visit our website for updates. U.S. citizens in need of an emergency passport for imminent travel should email a copy of their travel itinerary to AbujaACS@state.gov or LagosACS@state.gov.
  • Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, routine visa services in both Abuja and Lagos are currently suspended.  Abuja and Lagos are accepting limited visa appointments in specific categories as possible in accordance with COVID-19 prevention measures. Visit our website for updates.

Local Resources:

List any local resources that can provide additional useful information.

Nigeria Center for Disease Control (NCDC)

  • Toll-Free Number: 0800-970000-10
  • SMS (Text Message): 08099555577
  • Website: https://ncdc.gov.ng/
  • E-mail: info@ncdc.gov.ng
  • WhatsApp: 07087110839 (if outside of Nigeria – +234-708-711-0839)

Other links

Last updated:  12/23/2020