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COVID-19 Information
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April 4, 2022

“The Department of State has issued a Level 3 Travel Advisory for Nigeria”. Reconsider Travel: Nigeria Travel Advisory

Last updated: 04/14/2022

***Effective April 4, 2022, Nigeria’s Presidential Steering Committee on COVID-19 released new protocols for all travelers to Nigeria, particularly:

  • All passengers travelling to Nigeria from any country MUST register via the online Nigeria International Travel Portal (nitp.ncdc.gov.ng).
  • Fully vaccinated passengers arriving in Nigeria are not required to test for COVID-19 before departure or after arrival.
  • Fully vaccinated passengers must show a verifiable full vaccination certificate.  Per the NCDC, full vaccination for COVID-19 refers to a person who received two (2) doses of an NCDC-approved COVID-19 vaccine at least two (2) weeks before their date of travel.  The list of approved vaccines is available on their website.  Those without a vaccination certificate will be treated as unvaccinated/partially vaccinated under this protocol.  Yellow World Health Organization and U.S. CDC vaccination cards are acceptable.
  • Unvaccinated and partially vaccinated passengers are required to take a COVID-19 PCR test 48hrs before departure and on day 2 and 7 post-arrival. These passengers must pay for their PCR tests through the Nigeria International Travel Portal (nitp.ncdc.gov.ng) prior to departure.
  • Children under 18 years follow the same rules as those who are fully vaccinated.
  • Passengers who do not follow the protocols for COVID-19 will face penalties.

Please visit Nigeria CDC’s COVID-19 webpage to view the full Protocol for All Return Travelers to Nigeria.

***Effective January 28, the U.S. Center for Disease Control (CDC) recommends that individuals who are infected with COVID-19 not travel for a full 10 days after their symptoms started.  Individuals who were asymptomatic should not travel for a full 10 days after the date that they tested positive.  For additional information about U.S. quarantine recommendations, please visit the U.S. CDC’s Travel webpage.

*** On December 2, the President of the United States announced that all inbound international travelers, two years old and above, must test within one day of departure, regardless of vaccination status or nationality.  For additional information, please “New Requirements for Air Travelers to the U.S.” on Travel.State.Gov.

*** Effective November 8, all non-citizen, nonimmigrant (not a U.S. citizen, U.S. national, lawful permanent resident, or traveling to the United States on an immigrant visa) airline passengers traveling to the United States, must demonstrate proof of vaccination as defined by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Director Order prior to boarding a U.S.-bound aircraft.  Additional information may be found on the CDC’s website.

Country-Specific Information

  • Nigeria still is identifying COVID-19 cases, and, due to an increasing number of cases in several countries, surveillance is being intensified and travel protocols are strictly enforced.
  • Basic services (i.e., grocery stores, gas stations, transportation etc.) are available in Nigeria, and schools have resumed.
  • Gatherings of more than 50 people indoors are discouraged.
  • Events are limited to a maximum of 50% of the capacity of the facility.  Social distancing, temperature checks, and mask wearing are required.

COVID-19 Testing

  • Are PCR and/or antigen tests available for U.S. citizens in Nigeria?  Yes
  • If so, are test results reliably available within one calendar day?  Yes
  • Rapid antigen testing is not recognized by the Nigerian government for travel purposes.  Travelers who require Pre-travel COVID-19 testing who arrive with a rapid antigen test may be required to quarantine at a Nigerian government facility.  Free COVID-19 testing for those with symptoms is available from the NCDC, but results may not be available quickly.  Individuals who require a test for travel must use an approved private test lab, with costs ranging from $75 to $125 per test.  Results are generally available electronically in less than 3 days.
  • A list of approved labs (for testing prior to travel) is available on-line at:  https://covid19.ncdc.gov.ng/privatelabs.  Do not use unapproved labs, as they will be rejected by screeners at the airport.
  • Additional testing sites (to test out of quarantine) can be found on Nigeria’s International Travel Portal COVID-19 Test Center Information Page.  Please note this list is for reference only and does not constitute an endorsement of any medical practitioner or facility.  The U.S. government does not assume responsibility for the professional ability or appropriateness of any physician, medical practitioner, clinic, hospital, and/or health facility on the list.
  • For information on limited humanitarian exemptions to CDC’s requirement that all U.S. bound travelers present a negative COVID-19 test, please review the following page:  https://travel.state.gov/content/travel/en/traveladvisories/ea/covid-testing-required-us-entry.html
  • Humanitarian exemptions to this order will be granted on an extremely limited basis and will only be considered when the country of departure lacks adequate COVID-19 testing capacity.  To submit information in support of an exemption, email NigeriaTestingWaiver@state.gov.
  • Delivery of test results depends on the lab.  Some labs may require individuals to pick up a physical copy of the results in person.  Many labs email results.  Certain labs send a link via e-mail and/or WhatsApp that allows individuals to print physical copies of their test results.  Airport screeners will accept both electronic and paper results.  However, have printed hard copies if you are able to do this.

COVID-19 Vaccine Information:

  • Has the Government of Nigeria approved a COVID-19 vaccine for use?  Yes
  • Are vaccines available in Nigeria for U.S. citizens to receive? Yes
  • Which vaccines are available in Nigeria? AstraZeneca, Moderna, Pfizer, and Johnson and Johnson COVID-19 vaccines.
  • Nigeria has an eligibility list which is agnostic to citizenship.  Travelers who desire a COVID-19 vaccine should endeavor to be vaccinated prior to arrival.
  • Qualified individuals can both register and find additional vaccination information at:  https://nphcda.gov.ng
  • Visit the FDA’s website to learn more about FDA-approved vaccines in the United States.
  • The U.S. government does not plan to provide COVID-19 vaccinations to private U.S. citizens overseas.  Please follow host country developments and guidelines for COVID-19 vaccination.

Entry and Exit Requirements

  • Are U.S. citizens permitted to enter?  Yes
  • According to the NCDC website, all citizens are allowed entry into Nigeria, but MUST follow the travel protocols at:  https://covid19.ncdc.gov.ng/guideline
  • Is a negative COVID-19 test (PCR and/or serology) required for entry?  Yes
    • Unvaccinated and partially vaccinated passengers are required to take a COVID-19 PCR test 48hrs before departure and conduct days 2 and 7 post-arrival PCR tests. These passengers must pay for their PCR tests through the NITP before departure.
    • Fully vaccinated passengers arriving in Nigeria will not be required to carry out a pre-boarding COVID-19 PCR test nor carry out a Post-arrival PCR test or Rapid Antigen Test upon arrival in Nigeria.  Per the NCDC, full vaccination for COVID-19 refers to a person who received two (2) doses of an NCDC-approved COVID-19 vaccine at least two (2) weeks before their date of travel.  The list of approved vaccines is available on their website.
  • Fully vaccinated passengers must show a verifiable full vaccination certificate otherwise, they will be treated as unvaccinated/partially vaccinated under this protocol. Yellow World Health Organization and U.S. CDC vaccination cards are acceptable.
  • Children below the age of 18 years will be accorded the same privileges as persons who are fully vaccinated.
  • Passengers who do not adhere to the travel protocol will face the penalty as stipulated by the Presidential Steering Committee (PSC) on COVID-19.

Note: The U.S. Embassy is unable to intervene on behalf of U.S. citizens or influence the decision of Nigerian authorities to allow entry or exit from Nigeria.

Many airlines and countries have their own COVID-19 test requirements.  Please check the requirements of both your airline and destination country before departing Nigeria.  If returning to the United States, check with the state you are traveling to, as each state has its own requirements.

Inbound Passenger Testing Protocols

  1. Step 1:  All international travelers MUST complete the health declaration and contact form and provide the QR code via Nigeria’s online International Travel Portal (https://nitp.ncdc.gov.ng).
  2. Step 2:  Unvaccinated travelers should upload negative PCR test results (administered within 48 hours of departure) to the online portal, and present documentary evidence at check-in.  For certain countries, the test must be from specified labs.
  3. Step 3:  Unvaccinated travelers should also register and pay via the online portal for a PCR retest in Nigeria to occur two days and seven days after arrival.  A QR code will be sent to the email address the passenger provided. NOTE:  If the QR code confirming payment of the PCR retest online is not received, the International Travel Portal’s FAQs states, “As a temporary measure, any passenger that is unable to complete payment online will be allowed to board the flight if they have a valid COVID-19 negative PCR result. The passenger will be required to pay for the repeat COVID-19 PCR test on arrival in Nigeria. Please note that passengers without a QR code may face longer delays on arrival in Nigeria before exiting the airport.”

Beginning October 25, the Nigerian government no longer requires self-isolation for fully-vaccinated persons arriving in Nigeria.  However, a negative COVID-19 PCR test result not more than 48 hours prior to boarding and an additional COVID-19 PCR test on Day 2 after arrival are required.

Separately, the Nigerian Presidential Steering Committee on COVID-19 removed Brazil, Turkey, and South Africa from the list of travel-restricted countries effective October 14, 2021 and India effective September 13, 2021.

Outbound Passenger Testing Protocols

  • Are health screening procedures in place at airports and other ports of entry?  Yes
  • Each airline is responsible for enforcing the regulations of the destination country.  Outbound passengers should ensure that they are prepared per the destination country’s COVID-19 protocols.
  • Embassy Abuja and U.S. Consulate Lagos are unaware of visa extensions for residents and/or tourists.  Residents or tourists with visa extension inquiries due to COVID-19 should contact the Nigeria Immigration Service (NIS)

Movement Restrictions

  • Is a curfew in place?  No
  • Are there restrictions on intercity or interstate travel?  No

Quarantine Information 

  • Beginning October 25, the Government of Nigeria no longer requires self-isolation for fully-vaccinated persons arriving in Nigeria.  However, testing requirements are in place for those not fully vaccinated. Please see the Press Statement on the Release of Revised International Travel Protocols into Nigeria for full details and note that different rules apply for unvaccinated and partially vaccinated travelers, as well as business travelers staying less than 7 days.
  • Nigeria CDC’s COVID-19 Patient Handbook states that individuals who test positive for COVID-19 with symptoms should self-isolate for 10 days after symptom onset, plus at least 3 days without symptoms.  Positive COVID-19 individuals who are asymptomatic may discontinue self-isolation 14 days after the initial positive result.

Transportation Options

  • Are commercial flights operating?  Yes
  • Is public transportation operating?  Yes

Passengers must wear face masks when taking public transportation and public transportation is limited to 50% capacity.

Fines for Non-Compliance (if applicable)

Fines are mandated for non-compliance.

Consular Operations

  • The American Citizens Services (ACS) Units in Abuja and Lagos are processing all routine ACS services as possible in accordance with COVID-19 prevention measures.  Visit our website for updates.
  • Abuja and Lagos are accepting limited number of non-immigrant and immigrant visas in accordance with COVID-19 prevention measures.  Visit our website for updates.

Local Resources:

Nigeria Center for Disease Control (NCDC)

  • Toll-Free Number:  6232
  • SMS (Text Message):  08099555577
  • Website:  https://ncdc.gov.ng/
  • COVID-19 Microsite:  https://covid19.ncdc.gov.ng
  • E-mail:  info@ncdc.gov.ng
  • WhatsApp: 07087110839 (if outside of Nigeria – +234-708-711-0839)

Other links: